Navratri Dance Style

Modern Garba

Hindus, there is ongoing perversion of our public festivals. Most of the times forgetting the religious, spiritual and social reason behind the celebration of the festivals, the festivals are only looked upon as pleasure and fun. If one has to obtain the best example, then if one goes through the newspapers to see preparations of Navaratra, then one can see from the news with photographs everywhere of various Garba classes and various costumes, the amount of time required for this, along with the order given by the court in relation to the dispute of noise pollution. There is no mention of the God in the festival we celebrate whose blessings we are trying to invoke. While defining the festival in the science of religion it is said that- function that gives bliss to everybody is a festival. If one sees the present day festival then one will have to make a new definition that, 'making others unhappy in order to enjoy happiness (not bliss). As a result, barring a specific age group an average individual has started saying that, 'we do not want this festival, let us live in peace'. Hindus, now prove your selves ready to face the various malpractices in 'Navaratra' as on the occasion of Ganeshutsav. Forcible collection of donation, sound pollution, 'Garba' played on the tune of film songs, the ugly dance performed in drunk state with obscene gesticulation, the significant increase in the number of unmarried mothers after few months of Navaratra are the various malpractices which are the warning bell of declination of Hindu religion and civilization. In order to caution the Hindus about this danger, so also in order to protect and maintain the Hindu religion and civilization, we have undertaken this task of writing the article!


1). All the types of Garbas must include hand claps and clicks choreography and must be performed in a circle, To encourage creativity, Fogana has opted to allow the breaking of the circle and proceeding from one circle to multiple circles and vice versa. However, units of dance in straight lines and patterns formations which do not immediately end up in a circular motif will be subject to penalty points by the judges. address here, lorem ipsum, 395002.

2). Use of props is not allowed in Garba. Even though in actuality a garba is a folk dance whose essence is claps clicks and a circular formation, where the mandh and the Diwa is used sometimes in traditional Garba performances, for the sake of the logistics of a competition evaluation, Fogana has opted to categorize all prop use (including mandh and diwa) as being defined as a Folk category.

3). Only girls may participate in Garba.

4). Feet Ornaments: Kada and Zanzer are more acceptable forms of jewelry for the ankles in garba. Head Ornaments: borlas are worn in Rajasthan, tikas are worn in Gujarat.

5).Prachin garaba Traditionally:- songs for these garbas are more devotional in content. Some songs refers to folk lore which dates back before the period of poet Dayaram and Narshinh Mehta. The dancers move in a circle with claps, snap and hops around a clay pot called "Garbha" in which a light is placed as a symbol of Mataji and her divine powers. For costuming, chaniyas and blouses/kapdas textile should be in traditional colors, reflecting the community depicted, and may have embroidery with mirrors.aePrachin garba songs are more devotional and refersthir.

6). Arvachin garba traditionally:- songs used for these are after poet Dayaram's period and include those of Umashanker Joshi, Suresh Dalal etc. As such they are considered modern, where a variety of new experiments can be incorporated in body and hand gesture since the content of the songs often have social references. They however still maintain choreography that includes claps, clicks and circular formation. Costuming may be a combination of colors textile and decoration that either reflect the community represented or be modern while still maintaining a Gujarati style of form.with verity.

6). Classical garbas can incorporate new experiments etc as with arwachin garbas but are performed on songs with a classical musical base as well as body and hand gestures that classical in form. These garbas also have circular formation with hand claps and clicks but here a great deal of emphasis is placed on the grace of the movement across the stage as well as hand and body gestures. Often slow in tempo, but not always, the costuming does not have to be traditional but still should maintain a Gujarati form.

Types of Dandiya Dance

Folk dandiya dance: Gujarat has successfully preserved its rich tradition of song, dance and drama. Dandiya is one of the important dance forms among them. The dandiya is the chief folk dance of Gujarat, which is usually performed in groups, wherein young men and women dressed in colorful costumes, dance in circles with multihued sticks in their hands to the lively beat of drums. This festival is very popular during the Navratri season in October. Ideally two circles formed by young people move around an imaginary circle in clockwise, anti-clockwise and diagonal directions with two sticks called "dandiyas" held in their hands, which they strike alternately to the right and left. Dandiya is a very energetic, and playful dance providing opportunity for acting and exchanging messages through eye contact. The uniqueness of dandiya from the rest is its use of colourful, musical sticks, its dress code, the scope it offers for improvisation, innovation and creativity, and the massive number of dancers in any single programme. As for sticks, they were traditionally made of bamboo. However, now a days these sticks come in a variety of colours and kinds clattering of which should be in tune with the music played and at rhythmic intervals, are the markers of time. Another identifiable feature of dandiya is its dress code. The dress code for women and men are different. For women it is a three-piece ghagras, cholis, and odhni. Men dress up in matching colourful traditional dhotis and aangrakha or kurtas with loads of mirrors on the dress. Dandiya was secular in its origin and has intimate relation with the common man`s life of the day. It was originally performed only by men with long sticks in their hands and was designed to serve as learning modules for practice of footwork for sword fighting. This dance with fast movements was a dance of martial arts variety. Further, it was accompanied by a percussion instrument `meddale` drummer who stands at the center of the circle and leads the dance with the rhythmic beats. The public performance of dandiya, corresponds to the agricultural cycle of the region. This folk dance of India enlaced with its entire color, magic, verve and zest has now crossed the boundaries of pits, galleries and country borders whilst reaching the western world to illustrate the true color of India.

Salsa dandiya styles:There is a different rhythm to dandiya this year. Rather than go for the plainol' dandiya setps, the with-it young-sters are indulging in some mix 'n' match. The big thing this year is salsa dandiya. As Hemal, a student,says, "if you have to stand out, you have to put in extra effort. While I have go my clothes form Gujarat, I also wanted my dance steps to be exclusive. That's why Iateended a course in salsa dandiya before Navratri." Nanda Kundu, director of a dance academy, is surprised by the sudden rush of youngsters honing their dance skills this festive season. "There has been a great response to this new genre of dance. It is a fusion of classical rhythm and contemporary styles," he says.

The clientele of these dance institutes include corporate along with housewives and youngsters. Sohina Chopra, Employed with a leading consultancy company, says, "Professional salsa instructors are training our employees for a Navratri function being organized by the company in a few days time. More than 60 employees signed up for the week-long workshop." Actress Kim Sharma is also enamored of this fusion of dance styles. "I am not too much of a dandiya enthusiast but this fusion style fascinates me," she says.


The word Garbo or Garaba has originated from Sanskrit word "Garbhdeep"- an earthen pot with circular holes is popularly known as Garbo. The earthen pot is symbol of human body and the lighten lamp inside signifies the divine soul. It is believed that Usha,daughter of king Banasur of Assam and wife of Aniruddha, the grand son of Lord Krishna is the creator of Garaba. Every nook and corner of Gujarat throbs with Garbo during Navratri, the nine-night festival. In the north Gujarat, decorated "Phool Mandvi" adds colour and beauty to the worship of Shakti. This traditional dance form has been taken to stage with innovations in music, choreography, and costumes and has enthralled audience with its beauty.

Gop Ras: Ras is popularly known as Dandiya Ras. "Harivansh Puran" (epic) has noted this dance as "Hallisak", in which Gopis (women) in pair, perform with great grace and later Krishna and other Yadavas join them. Ras is perform by a group of dancers who move in a circle to measured steps, marking time by striking wooden stick know as Dandiya. There were 36 types of Ras in Gujarat. Some are performed only by men while in other men and women dance in unison. Circular movements with speed and grace are the salient features of Ras. The roar of the Dhol, the colorful costumes together with speed, vigor and gusto leaves viewers spellbound. The songs are usually related to lord Krishna or have social themes.


HISTORY: Original pronunciation and word is Snehdo, derived from the word Sneh, meaning love or affection. Sanedo contains couplets of four lines and has striking resemblance to Bhavai, a folk drama from Gujarat. Gujarati folk artist Arvind Barot performed Sanedo on stages in 1980s and deserves credit for bringing Sanedo to mainstream, but it was due to another Gujarati folk artist, Maniraj Barot, that Sanedo is famous among all Gujarati people and being played at Navratri and many wedding parties. Sanedo's topic can be anything from romance, youth or satire. Sanedo originated from the villages of Patan district in Gujarat and it has become a very popular dance all over Gujarat and also among the Gujarati speaking population in North America and Britain. It is frequently played during the festival of Navratri, during wedding celebrations and during parties. The music played in the background during a Sanedo recital is from a unique musical instrument called 'Daklu'. It is similar in shape to a drum but is considerably larger in size. Sanedo is taking Gujarat by storm. Everywhere from every Navaratri to marriage function, Sanedo rules. It's time to visit some history, Geography of Sanedo. Original pronunciation and word is Snehdo(Gujarati:Snehdo), derived from the word Sneh(Gujarati:sneh), meaning love or affection. Sanedo contains couplets of four lines and has striking resemblance to Bhavai, a folk drama from Gujarat. Topic of lines can be anything under the sun satire, love, youth, anything that you want. Sanedo originated from the villages of Patan district in Gujarat and it has become a very popular dance all over Gujarat and also among the Gujarati speaking population in North America and Britain. It is frequenty played during the festival of Navratri, during wedding celebrations and during parties. Sanedo originally said to have been made famous by Arvind Barot, around 20 years ago, but it wasn't until recently that Maniraj Barot made it rage in all over Gujarat. I was skeptical about it, but ever since my dear bro has "illustrated" Sanedo to me, I am a big fan of Sanedo. I still think Sanedo deserves much more recognition than it has. Jay Vasavada has wonderful article on Gujarat Samachar about Sanedo (here). If you are a Gujarati reader, it's a must read.